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Constructing Civil Society in Japan: Voices of Environmental by Koichi Hasegawa

By Koichi Hasegawa

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Japan’s post-World struggle II fiscal miracle is recognized and lots more and plenty mentioned, as is the cave in of the bubble financial system and the virtually decade lengthy financial stagnation of the Nineteen Nineties. during this number of essays and articles spanning 20 years of highbrow paintings, Koichi Hasegawa — one in every of Japan’s most popular environmental sociologists — finds one other measurement to the japanese event of the overdue twentieth century, a constructing civil society. Hasegawa’s target during this assortment is manifold, starting with an summary of the goals, goals and distinguishing features of environmental sociology. Combining a old research of the increase of this new self-discipline with an outline of the theoretical frames that outline it, Hasegawa argues that environmental sociology demanding situations the sociological conventions of disengaged commentary in addition to the anthropocentrism inherent to the sociological standpoint. while, environmental sociology demanding situations a strong environmentalists’ point of view, stressing that environmental aren't easily medical or technical difficulties yet are continually and particularly social difficulties. Environmentalism consequently wishes a sociological point of view and sociology wishes an environmental standpoint in the event that they are to deal with the main urgent difficulties dealing with human societies — environmental destruction. within the approach, Hasegawa in a roundabout way offers a compelling resolution to that probably interminable query, What do sociologists truly do approximately social difficulties? starting with the principles of environmental sociology and concluding with concerns of the studies and destiny clients of eastern civil society, developing Civil Society in Japan will entice a variety of audiences. it truly is an introductory textbook in environmental sociology in addition to a advisor to environmental activism. it's a distinct creation to civil society, combining ecu theories and eastern case reviews to bare the hindrances and possibilities dealing with the japanese citizenry. It significantly addresses a variety of sociological and political theories concerning citizen’s activism and quite a number activists’ thoughts which will light up hindrances and openings at the direction forward.

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Additional info for Constructing Civil Society in Japan: Voices of Environmental Movements (Stratification and Inequality Series)

Sample text

But conceptually, goods includes services. So I propose that we consider environmental bads to include energy flows and conversions that result in environmental burdens, such as noise pollution and vibration pollution. General waste, industrial waste, radioactive waste, dioxins, environmental hormones and the emissions of gases that cause global warming constitute environmental bads. Likewise, development projects and activities that harm historical landscapes, historical places and natural coastlines should be classified as environmental bads.

They also propose a classification of 'conflict of separate types' where benefit and victimized zones separate in the area and 'conflict of overlapped types' where the two zones overlap. Generally speaking, in cases of large-scale projects such as constructing and operating bullet trains, residents in close proximity to the railway suffering from huge noise and vibration pollution in victimized zones are basically separate from the passengers*and other beneficiaries. It is therefore difficult to find a way to mediate and reach a consensus (see chapter 7).

Environmental sociology should therefore move from I iv ism in reaction to environmental damage to a policy-making orii nialion inspired by activism. mhI its focus on everyday life, environmental sociology in Japan has iIk* potential to have a unique impact on environmental policy. Sustainable development is one of the prerequisites for achieving a Misiiiinable lifestyle and society. 11u 1 downstream sides, so that they are once again understood to be • i unified system? Developing concrete policies based on analysis of I lie downstream side will require sociological imagination.

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