Computers and Design in Context by Morten Kyng, Lars Mathiassen

By Morten Kyng, Lars Mathiassen

Too usually, designers of desktops, either and software program, use types and ideas that concentrate on the artifact whereas ignoring the context during which the artifact can be used. in response to this ebook, that assumption is an important cause for plenty of of the mess ups in modern desktops improvement. it's time for designers and clients to hitch forces within the layout of desktop systems.The individuals to this ebook deal with either the pragmatic process of direct collaboration among designers and clients (known as participatory layout) and the extra conceptual method that includes complementary views to aid designers get a hold of larger recommendations. the quantity brings jointly diverse computer-related learn disciplines, together with computer-supported cooperative paintings (CSCW), human-computer interplay (CHI), and software program engineering, in addition to social technology disciplines excited about the layout and use of machine artifacts.The e-book is geared up into elements. the 1st, "Artifacts and Use," specializes in the context of utilizing laptop artifacts. the second one, "Process and People," specializes in the context of designing desktop artifacts.Contributors : Colin Beardon, Jeanette Blomberg, Kristin Braa, Tone Bratteteig, Paul Dourish, Pelle Ehn, Sue Gollifer, Kaj Grønbaek, Peter Holm, Mark C. Jones, Morten Kyng, Jan Ljungberg, Tom McMaster, Theis Meggerle, Anders Mørch, Preben Mogensen, Michael J. Muller, Torbjörn Näslund, Christopher Rose, extraordinary Steen, Erik Stolterman, Markus Stolze, Lucy Suchman, Tamara Sumner, Micke Svedemar, Kari Thoresen, Randall Trigg, Richard Vidgen, Trevor Wood-Harper, Suzette Worden.

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Stocker 1 9�5) There is a sense in which most computer software is designed for the "benign" user who behaves within the limits of legitimate usage antici­ pated by the software designer (Beard on 1991). Artists who feel the need to subvert the software they are given dearly recognize this social con­ struction and deliberately set out to disrupt it. That is to say, the user in this case is reading the software designer's intentions from the tool and deliberately acting contrary to them. Artists and designers do sometimes talk about the type of tools they would like.

Grenbrek, Kyng, and Mogensen (this book, chap. 8) propose extending user involvement beyond analysis and design phases to include collaboration during sys­ tem development and system extension phases. g , � Q.. CD t§: � CD � Coverage of toolbelt evolution problems by different groups . 6 Practitioners tr'l <:: o ir' ::1 g. • � .... � o � ir' .... o· ::I N Sumner and Stolze 22 advocating here is not a radical departure from exi sting PO pra ctice s , but only a shift in persp e ct i ve or a change in emphasis.

1 9 94. " In troducti o n to User Interface Systems for HCI Developers and Researchers. " Human Factors in Computing Systems ( CHI '94), Boston, MA (April 24-2 8 ) : 377-378. , and M . Kyng. 1 9 9 1 . " In Design at Work: Cooperative Design of Computer Systems, J. Greenbaum and M. , Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ, 2 1 9-240. , and K. H. Madsen . 1 9 9 1 . "Generating Visions: Future Workshops and Metaphorical Design. " In Design at Work: Cooperative Design of Com­ puter Systems, J. Greenbaum and M.

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