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Community Practices for Disaster Risk Reduction in Japan by Rajib Shaw (auth.), Rajib Shaw (eds.)

By Rajib Shaw (auth.), Rajib Shaw (eds.)

This ebook offers key classes from community-based risk-reduction practices in Japan, a rustic that's usually hit by means of failures and that still has proven powerful resilience in dealing with these failures. Japan has a powerful governance approach for catastrophe danger relief. in spite of the fact that, the Kobe earthquake of 1995 confirmed the significance of neighborhood involvement in catastrophe reaction in addition to restoration. With numerous examples from diverse components of Japan, the ebook elaborates at the value of community-based chance relief and the ideas required for maintaining many of the group ways. The e-book has thirteen chapters and is split into 3 components: (1) Evolution of community-based possibility relief in Japan; (2) Community-based risk-reduction matters; and (3) Case reports.

The fundamental objective teams for this ebook are scholars and researchers within the fields of setting, catastrophe probability aid, and weather swap experiences. The e-book presents them with a good suggestion of the present study traits within the box and furnishes easy wisdom approximately those important issues. one other goal crew includes practitioners and coverage makers, who can be capable of practice the data accumulated right here to coverage and decision-making.

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For the typhoon related disasters, the key point is flooding and flood-induced mud and related debris which is transported and deposited in the houses. A traditional Japanese house has tatami mat in the first floor, and most of the electrical appliances like washing machines, refrigerator, television etc. are kept in the first floor. Thus, when the first floor is flooded, all these electronic items get affected. It is not that all the items become unusable; however, this is mostly psychological issues that people do not want to use the appliances which are affected by the dirty water and mud.

Finally, the evacuation manual cannot be a static document. The key point of the manual is its updating, monitoring and evaluation. Although people may not have participated in the first process of the manual development or the evacuation drills, but their participation can be enhanced in the monitoring and evaluation process through multi-stakeholder cooperation. The local institutions like schools, health centers, business communities or local community houses can play different roles in revitalizing the local communities and to encourage them in participation process.

Shaw symptoms of an aging population, increasing the city’s vulnerability to disasters. Another issue is the geology of some areas, which makes them susceptible to sediment disasters (Takeuchi and Shaw 2009a, b). Granite, which becomes softened and fragile when soaked in rainwater, is widely distributed and it becomes a contributing factor to sediment disasters. On June 29, 1999, due to an atmospheric depression, there was heavy rainfall (over 150 mm in 3 h) in Hiroshima City. Prior to this event, similar heavy rainfall occurred twice in the same region (June 23–24 and June 26–27).

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