By Dr. Yi-Bing Lin, Sok-Ian Sou
This booklet offers a whole and entire assessment of 3G UMTS charging prone
Evolving from offline billing of conventional telecommunications, charging for IP prone in cellular networks is tough; charging convergence is without doubt one of the significant traits within the telecom undefined. complicated cellular telecommunications contains facts purposes with real-time keep watch over and administration, and calls for a convergent and versatile on-line charging method. Such convergence is key to mitigate fraud and credits hazards so that it will supply extra custom-made details to clients approximately fees and credits restrict controls.
Charging for cellular All-IP Telecommunications presents finished and useful assurance of on-line and offline charging in accordance with cellular operator reviews, and the newest efforts undertaken through the UMTS necessities.
Key positive aspects:
- Presents a whole review of the telecommunications charging process, together with the evolution from 2G to 3G and all-IP community charging frameworks
- Discusses all administration features on the topic of charging and billing approaches, with a spotlight at the significant developments and advancements in the telecoms undefined
- Provides an summary of the telecom networks reminiscent of PSTN, GSM, UMTS and IMS
- Covers the suggestions of the telecom charging on cellular companies and the hot applied sciences for enforcing on-line charging method, similar to GTP’ and Diameter protocol
- Contains assurance on community nodes and knowledge flows relating to charging of cellular functions, resembling IMS name and content material downloading
- Explains the IP-based on-line charging approach, protocol information and up to date developments in charging for cellular telecom undefined
This ebook is a useful source for graduate scholars, telecoms and IP engineers, community provider prone and method architects. info technologists and networking apparatus brands also will locate this booklet insightful.
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Additional info for Charging for mobile all-IP telecommunications
A better alternative is IVR, which is based on the automatic speech recognition technology. IVR systems are typically used in bank balances, order placement, and ticket booking. In 1989, Bell Northern Research ﬁrst applied IVR to the automated alternative billing service; at the time, the system recognized only a small vocabulary (such as “yes’’, “no’’, and some synonyms). In 1992, AT&T introduced an IVR-based call service system: The system uses word-spotting (recognition of key words in the midst of additional acoustic material) and barge-in (talkover or echo cancellation) techniques.
Private call prevents all interruptions and intrusions from either the attendant or other telephones. Call holding allows a call party to place the other party on hold and either deal with the incoming call or make a new call, and then switch from one call to the other without terminating either of them. Call transferring allows a call party to transfer the call to another telephone. , #90). , #). When the call party hangs up the phone, the transfer will take place. , the priority level associated with the call).
The GGSN generates a GPRS Charging Identiﬁer (GCID) and creates a PDP context associated with the MS. This PDP context records the requested APN, negotiated QoS proﬁle, the GCID and so on. The GGSN then returns the Create PDP Context Response message to the SGSN to indicate that a PDP context has been created in the GGSN. This message provides the dynamic IP address, negotiated QoS and so on, which are ﬁlled in the PDP context of the SGSN. Through the Activate PDP Context Accept message (with the information such as the IP address assigned to the MS), the SGSN informs the MS that the GPRS session is set up.