By William J. Benjamin OD MS PhD
Now up to date and increased to hide the newest applied sciences, this full-color textual content on medical refraction makes use of an easy-to-read layout to provide optometry scholars and practitioners the entire vital info they wish. additionally covers quite a lot of different features of the attention examination, together with anterior and posterior section reviews, touch lens, ocular pharmacology, and visible box research. 4 new chapters hide wavefront-guided refraction, optical correction with refractive surgical procedures, prosthetic units, and sufferers with ocular pathology.Offer certain, step by step how-to's for appearing all the most advantageous refractive techniques.Presents individualized refractive methods for the whole diversity of sufferers, together with precise sufferer populations.Contriubtors are the world over famous, top professionals within the field.New full-color layout with full-color photographs throughout.Completely up-to-date and improved to incorporate present applied sciences. a brand new bankruptcy on Optical Correction with Refractive surgical procedures, together with keratoplasty, conventional refractive surgical procedures (e.g. LASIK and PRK), crystalline lens extraction with and with no pseudophakia, the hot presbyopic surgical procedure, etc.A new bankruptcy on Wavefront Guided Refraction offers details at the benefits and obstacles the Hartmann-Shack approach for target refraction plus aberrometry and the refraction and using within the correction of the attention with spectacles, touch lenses, and refractive surgery.A new bankruptcy on sufferers with Ocular Pathology displays the most up-tp-date wisdom of sufferers with ocular pathologies.Provides details on Optical Correction with Prosthetic units, together with corneal onlays, stromal implants, phakic intraocular lenses, etc.Includes new chapters and/or discussions on such issues as: Aberrations of the attention, Refractive results of Eye Pathology, prognosis and therapy of Dry Eye, prognosis of Pathology of the Anterior section, prognosis of Glaucoma, and prognosis of Pathology of the Posterior Segment.Visual Acuity bankruptcy multiplied to incorporate the impact of refractive mistakes on visible acuity and facts on how a lot of a transformation in visible acuity is significant.Objective Refraction, Corneal Topography, and visible box research chapters comprise the addition of recent electro-optical and laptop thoughts and equipment.Chapters on Multifocal Spectacle Lenses and phone Lenses now disguise more recent revolutionary addition lenses and make contact with lenses which are now at the market.Electrodiagnosis bankruptcy revised to take a extra medical strategy.
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Extra info for Borish's Clinical Refraction, 2nd Edition
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The anterior crystalline lens reflecting surface (A l ) and the refracting surface, or cornea (AI)' are optically equivalent to a single reflecting surface (A'2) of distance d/ from the cornea having a radius of curvature of f2' C2 and C'2 are the centers of curvature of the anterior crystalline lens and the equivalent single refracting surface, respectively. d Anterior chamber depth; nl' refractive index of the aqueous humor. (From Bennett AG, Rabbetts RB. 1989. Clinical Visual Optics, 2nd ed, p 478.
1995. The equivalent refractive index of the crystalline lens in childhood. Vision Res 15: 1565-1573. 139. Bennett AG. 1988. A method of determining the equivalent powers of the eye and its crystalline lens without resort to phakometry. Ophthal Physiol Opt 8:53-59. 140. Koretz m Kaufman PL, Neider MW, Goeckner PA. 1989. Accommodation and presbyopia in the human eye-aging of the anterior segment. Vision Res 29: 1685-1692. 141. Erickson P. 1991. Optical components contributing to refractive anomalies.