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Beyond the Essene Hypothesis: The Parting of the Ways by Gabriele Boccaccini

By Gabriele Boccaccini

Revered student Gabriele Boccaccini the following bargains readers a brand new and demanding view of the ideology of the Qumran sect, the neighborhood heavily comparable with the useless Sea Scrolls. Boccaccini strikes past the Essene speculation and posits a distinct courting among what he phrases "Enochic Judaism" and the crowd frequently referred to as the Essenes. construction his case on what the traditional files let us know in regards to the Essenes and on a scientific research of the files came across at Qumran, Boccaccini argues that the literature betrays the center of an old and exact number of moment Temple Judaism. Tracing the improvement of this practice, Boccaccini indicates that the Essene group at Qumran used to be particularly the offspring of the Enochic occasion, which in flip contributed to the delivery of events led by means of John the Baptist and Jesus. Convincingly argued, this paintings would certainly spark clean debate within the dialogue at the Qumran neighborhood and their recognized writings.

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73). 9 More specifically, Dio of Prusa claims that "the Essenes . . form an entire and prosperous city [Gk. " Unfortunately, this is all we know from Synesius of Cyrene. In spile of its brevity, Dio's testimony is particularly remarkable inasmuch as it openly contradicts Josephus, for whom, as we have seen, "there is not one town [Gk. W. 124). Epiphanius offers another interesting piece of evidence. As did other later Christian authors, he mistook the Essenes for a Samaritan sect, yet he located a genos of Jews with a strikingly similar name, the Ossaioi, in the vicinity of the Dead Sea (Haer.

But documents are often silent about the historical and sociological context of the group behind the author(s). Sometimes we do not even know what these systems of thought called themselves or what outsiders called them during ancient times. In addition, a large quantity of documents surviving from one group may make the ideological system of that group seem more prevalent than actually was the case, and therefore modern interpreters may overestimate it, while they underestimate other systems because of the lack or loss of their documents.

In Schiffman. , Archaeology and History, 25-51; H. H. Rowley, Jewish Apocalyptic and the Dead Sea Scrolls (London: Athlone, 1957). 39. See J. H. Charlesworth, ed.. The Princeton Theological Seminary Dead Sea Scrolls Project, 12 vols. (Tübingen: Mohr; Louisville: Wesüninster/John Knox, 1994-); F. , 1994); idem, The Dead Sea Scrolls Translated: The Qumran Texts in English, Uans. W. G. E. Watson, 2nd ed. (Leiden: Brill; Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1996); F. Garcia Martinez and A. S. van der As a scholar of intellectual history, I have given preference to an interdisciplinary approach that in the study of ancient Jewish literature may overcome too rigid a separation among the different fields of scholarly research.

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