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Basic and Clinical Toxicology of Mustard Compounds by Mahdi Balali-Mood, Mohammad Abdollahi

By Mahdi Balali-Mood, Mohammad Abdollahi

This ebook deals a pragmatic advisor to the medical administration of sulphur and nitrogen mustard publicity together with info at the background, pharmacology and toxicology of mustard compounds (MC).

Basic and medical Toxicology of Mustard Compounds information the numerous ensuing issues of sulphur mustard (SM) poisoning corresponding to breathing, Dermatological, Ophthalmological and Psychiatric.

This quantity is a key source for scientific toxicologists, army and emergency physicians who're all in favour of the instructing and learn of MC and for all clinical and healthiness professions who're answerable for the prevention, analysis and remedy of MC poisonings.

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1992; Security Council of the United Nations 21 April 1988; Javed 2001; Yekta 2012). Iran in united nations sent a letter to security council of UN, which is preserved as S/19816 document of UN, as a report on Iraqi Chemical and biological attacks against Iranian troops and people (Security Council of the United Nations 21 April 1988). 1 Sardasht The most tragic use of mustard gas was the chemical bombardment of the city of Sardasht (Khateri et al. 2004; Security Council of the United Nations 1986, 30 June 1987a, Jul 30 1987b).

7 Iraq – Iran War (1981–1988) In 1881, Iraq began a widespread offensive attack against Iran and occupied large areas of Iran in a short time (Javed 2001; Ahmadi et al. 2010). But moving forward in Iran’s territory didn’t follow the preplanned programs, and lots of Iraqi army’s parts crippled, stopped moving forward, and took a defensive position (Yekta 2012). After the freedom of Khorramshahr (a city in Suth west Iran) in 1883, and the Iraqi’s primary withdrawal, the Iraqi army in order to stop the attacks and moving forward of Iranian troops used tear gas (CS), and yellow rain (Javed 2001; Balali Mood et al.

Bis(2-­ chloroethyl) sulfide forms thiodiglycol after hydrolysis; and then an input of O2, KH2PO4 and NH4Cl in an alkaline medium of NaOH produces a biomass formula of C, H, O, N, P and S elements by biodegradation. Na2SO4, NaCl and CO2 are also formed which are all non-toxic substances (Harvey et al. 1997; Price and Bullitt 1947). ClCH 2 CH 2SCH 2 CH 2 Cl hydrolysis  → ation HOCH 2 CH 2SCH 2 CH 2 OH biodegrad  → boimass Calcium hypochlorite known as bleaching powder or chlorine powder with the formula Ca(ClO)2 and chloramines have a violent reaction with sulfur mustard.

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