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At Loggerheads?: Agricultural Expansion, Poverty Reduction, by Kenneth M. Chomitz, Piet Buys, Giacomo De Luca, Timothy S.

By Kenneth M. Chomitz, Piet Buys, Giacomo De Luca, Timothy S. Thomas, Sheila Wertz-Kanounnikoff,

Regardless of the enormous variety of books and stories on tropical deforestation, there is confusion concerning the motives of woodland loss and wooded area poverty, and the effectiveness of coverage responses. At Loggerheads seeks to explain how you can reconcile pressures for agricultural growth within the tropics with the pressing wishes for either wooded area conservation and poverty relief. It diagnoses the reasons and affects of wooded area loss and the explanations for the organization of forests and poverty. It seems to be at how regulations - modulated through neighborhood stipulations - act concurrently on deforestation and poverty, growing tradeoffs or complementarities, counting on the location. The document brings to the skin difficulties that hamper adoption of beneficial rules, describing institutional and technological recommendations that will aid triumph over those impediments.

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Extra resources for At Loggerheads?: Agricultural Expansion, Poverty Reduction, And Environment in the Tropical Forests (World Bank Policy Research Report)

Sample text

The area of nonsavanna forest in Latin America—about 10 million square kilometers—exceeds that in Africa and Asia combined. The savanna woodlands of Africa occupy about 11 million square kilometers. • Asia has by far the most forest dwellers and the highest population density in forests. About 350 million people live in the forest edges and cores of Asia, with another 90 million in the Asian mosaic forests. The population densities of less remote Asian edge forests, at about 85 per square kilometer, are high enough to suggest long-settled areas dependent on agroforestry or planted forests.

In Latin America and parts of Africa these are places where waves of agricultural expansion are crashing on a broad front of relatively undisturbed forest. In parts of Indonesia large timber and plantation interests, small commercial farmers, and long-time residents are battling for control of forest areas. Elsewhere in Asia and in parts of Africa, ineffectual government control of nationalized forests creates a tragedy of the commons where communities, forest services, and fuelwood extractors dispute woodland control and create degraded landscapes.

Mosaiclands are mostly agriculture, mixtures of forest and agriculture, and small clumps of forest surrounded by agriculture. So this domain consists of mosaic forests embedded in a sea of agricultural lands. Forest edges (a proxy for frontier areas) are forests and woodlands outside mosaiclands, but within 6 kilometers of them. This definition might roughly approximate the radius of household extractive activities or shifting cultivation around a small settlement. Finally, forest cores (a proxy for areas beyond the frontier) are more than 6 kilometers from mosaiclands.

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