By Kent E. Calder
For a number of centuries, diplomacy has been essentially the purview of geographical regions. Key powers have incorporated at quite a few instances nice Britain, France, Japan, China, Russia (then the U.S.S.R., after which Russia again), and the state so much influential in diplomacy for the previous numerous a long time has been the USA. yet in an international growing to be smaller, with a globalizing process expanding in complexity via the day, the countryside paradigm isn't really as dominant because it as soon as was.
In Asia in Washington, longtime Asia analyst Kent Calder examines the idea that of "global city" within the context of overseas affairs. The time period in general has been utilized in an fiscal context, relating facilities of foreign finance and trade akin to ny, Tokyo, and London. yet Calder extends the idea that to political facilities as well―particularly thus, Washington, D.C.
Improved communications, more advantageous transportation, better monetary integration and job have created a brand new monetary village, and worldwide political towns are coming up in the new structure―distinguished no longer by way of their CEOs or inventory markets yet through their impression over coverage judgements, and their accumulating of strategic intelligence on subject matters from nationwide coverage traits to geopolitical risk.
Calder describes the increase of Washington, D.C., as might be the preeminent international political city―seat of the world's strongest govt, heart of NGO and multilateral coverage task, the locale of associations similar to the realm financial institution and IMF, and residential to various imagine tanks and universities.
Within Washington, the function of Asia is principally suitable for a number of purposes. It represents the middle of the non-Western industrialized global and the main problem to Western dominance. It additionally increases the fragile factor of ways race concerns in foreign international governance―a issue crucially vital in the course of a time of globalization. and because Asia built later than the West, its altering function in Washington increases significant concerns relating to how emerging powers assimilate themselves into international governance constitution. How do Asian countries identify, elevate, and leverage their Washington presence, and what's the influence on Washington itself and the choices made there? Kent Calder explains all of it in Asia in Washington.
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Additional resources for Asia in Washington: Exploring the Penumbra of Transnational Power
The rapid recent expansion of America’s diplomatic ties with the broader world, keeping pace with globalization, has transformed a traditionally parochial Washington into an increasingly cosmopolitan city. One indicator, presented in figure 1-3, is the steady increase since 1970 in Washington’s foreign population. S. national capital’s population nearly tripled between 1970 and 2000, and the absolute number of foreign residents in Washington has continued to rise steadily since then. indd 21 3/12/14 4:18 PM 22 Washington as a Global Political City Figure 1-3.
S. 36 More recently, during the George W. Bush years, religious organizations successfully pressed for change in aid policy toward HIV-prone countries. Naturally, each cause has typically generated countermovements, as the evolution of Planned Parenthood and other women’s rights groups, for example, clearly shows. Such NGO thrusts and counterthrusts have increased the importance of Washington as a principal arena for debate, confrontation, and decision—and hence its role as a global political city.
On the eve of World War I, there were only thirteen embassies in all of Washington—Argentina, Austria, Brazil, Chile, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Spain, the United Kingdom, and Sweden. 23 After the war, that number expanded sharply. 24 It was also during World War I and shortly thereafter that the civil society dimension of “international Washington” began to develop. S. indd 35 3/12/14 4:17 PM 36 Washington’s Power Game from a Washington base was the Red Cross. 25 Following the formal establishment of the worldwide Red Cross movement in May 1919—and the American version’s affiliation as a central participant—Washington came to have international significance in global humanitarian aid.