By Maria Yudkevich, Philip G. Altbach, Laura E. Rumbley
Educational inbreeding - appointing one's personal graduates for tutorial positions - is a arguable yet strangely universal perform the world over. This ebook is the 1st comparative research of the phenomenon - the explanations, implications, and way forward for inbreeding.
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Additional info for Academic Inbreeding and Mobility in Higher Education: Global Perspectives
Also, in some countries (such as Spain) male teams may feel reluctant to hire women into their so-called “old boys’ networks,” so inbreeding may lead to gender discrimination and slower promotion for women (Vázquez-Cupeiro and Elston 2006). However, not all literature on inbreeding supports the conclusion that inbred faculty are discriminated against in terms of slower promotion: in Spain inbred and immobile academics tend to obtain tenured contracts than earlier noninbred faculty; thus, it has been suggested that inbreeding can speed up an academic career at the early career stages (Cruz-Castro and Sanz-Menéndez 2010).
In France, Godechot and Louvet made an attempt to evaluate the level of inbreeding in universities based on the DOCTHESE database, containing information on theses defended in France between 1972 and 2000 (Godechot and Louvet 2008). The authors considered a person to be an inbred faculty member if, sometime after defending his or her own thesis, he or she supervised another’s thesis in the same university. The authors found that about 30 percent of faculty members were inbred. Furthermore, when both inbred and noninbred graduates ﬁgured among candidates for a faculty position, the graduates of the hiring university were 18 times more likely to be hired, compared to external candidates.
For instance, in Japan, inbreeding emerged to some extent due to the chair system: a professor and his students were tightly connected, and this led to the fact that as soon as the professor retired, the associate professor took his position and his own ward was, in his turn, also 34 Academic Inbreeding: State of the Literature promoted to the level of associate professor (Horta, Sato, and Yonezawa 2011). In the early 1990s, this chair system was reformed, and in 1997 a nontenure-track system was introduced in Japan to encourage academics’ mobility.