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A Descriptive and Comparative Grammar of Western Old by University of Hawaii at Manoa Alexander Vovin

By University of Hawaii at Manoa Alexander Vovin

Including half 1 of an identical grammar (Sources, Script and Phonology, Lexicon and Nominals), this two-volume set represents the main distinct and exhaustive description ever performed of any language, together with eastern of the previous eastern language of the Yamato quarter in the course of the Asuka Nara interval. It provides hundreds and hundreds of examples drawn not just from the main outdated jap texts comparable to the Man'yoshu, the Senmyo, the Kojiki kayo and the Nihonshoki kayo but in addition from all minor extant texts reminiscent of the Fudoky kayo, the Bussoku seki ka, and others. it's also comparative fabric from jap outdated jap as soon as spoken within the sector approximately similar to present-day southern Chubu and Kanto areas, in addition to from Ryukyuan and sometimes from different surrounding languages. half 2 is followed by means of exhaustive and cumulative indexes to either volumes, together with separate indexes on all grammatical varieties defined, linguistic types, own names, in addition to an index of all previous jap texts which are used as examples within the description.

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Extra resources for A Descriptive and Comparative Grammar of Western Old Japanese: Part 2: Adjectives, Verbs, Adverbs, Conjunctions, Particles, Postpositions

Sample text

Lt~ are koso pa yo-no naNka pyitO 1 PT TOP world-GEN long person I, [the most] long[-living] man in the world (KK 72) Jj~. 1JI;fPJ£3:-TflH~Z {:fr£3:~~ Illliftt;;~~~. nani to kamo utukusi imo-Nka mata sak-yi-[i]Nde-ko-n-u what DV PT beautiful beloved-POSS again bloom-INF-exit(INF)come-NEG-ATTR 1 wonder why [my] beautiful beloved does not bloom again. £3: tok[o]-yipa-nasu ka-ku si moNkamo to omop-ey-NtOmo eternal-rock-COMP thus-INF PT PT DV think-EV-CONC Although [I] think that [I] would like to be (thus) like an eternal rock.

F ffj]~~ YO-NONAKA-NO OROKA PYITO-no WA-NK-YIMWOKWO-ni NOR-I-TE KATAR-Aku world-GEN middle-GEN stupid person-GEN I-POSS-belovedDIM-OAT say-INF-SUB speak-NML the stupid person of this world told his beloved: ... (MYS IX: 1740) ,t~ f~ -'¥- ~JbJF TASlKA NAR-U TUKAPYI-wo NA-MYI to certain be-ATTR messenger-ABS no-GER DV thinking that there is no reliable messenger (MYS XII: 2874) For detailed discussion see (Vovin 2003: 93-94). If a noun is separated from a -ka adjective by another modifier, the -ka adjective is marked by the infinitive form n-i of the copula n-, see the example from SM 7 below.

1&P ~ miy ongana: 7T, kun ana: ~ ~ 7K $ ADDITIONS TO PART 1 rnu ongana: 4=~7f, kungana: -J:\ rnye rney rnwo rno rno ya yu ye ywo yo ra n ru ongana: re rwo ro wa ongana: t" It 419 420 GRAMMAR OF WESTERN OLD JAPANESE kungana: WI we wo IMPORTANT NOTE ON WESTERN OLD JAPANESE PHONOLOGY It is traditionally believed that Western Old Japanese had the [VjCVCVCV... phonotactics, at least in the native vocabulary, and that there are only few exceptions to this rule, for example kai 'oar' or kui 'regret' where we have vowel clusters lail and lui/.

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